There are four recognized industrial revolutions, and we are currently in the fourth industrial revolution. The seemingly unrelated fourth industrial revolution has truly affected the progress of video surveillance systems toward intelligence.
The first industrial revolution refers to the technological revolution initiated in Britain in the 1860s. It was a huge revolution in the history of technological development. It opened the era of replacing manual labor with machines. This is not only a technological reform, but also a profound social change. The first industrial revolution revolution started with the birth of working machines, marked by the widespread use of steam engines as power machines. This technological revolution and the related changes in social relations are called the first industrial revolution or industrial revolution. The first industrial revolution allowed the factory system to replace manual workshops and machines to replace manual labor: in terms of social relations, the Industrial Revolution eliminated the self-cultivating class attached to backward production methods, and the industrial bourgeoisie and industrial proletariat formed and grew. stand up.
The second industrial revolution refers to the completion of bourgeois revolutions or reforms in European countries, the United States, and Japan in the mid-nineteenth century, which promoted economic development. In the late 1860s, the second industrial revolution began. Mankind has entered the “Electrical Age”. The second industrial revolution greatly promoted the development of social productive forces and had a profound impact on the economy, politics, culture, military, science and technology, and productivity of human society. The socialization of capitalist production has been greatly strengthened, and monopoly organizations have emerged. The second industrial revolution made the capitalist countries uneven in their economic, cultural, political, military and other aspects. The imperialist struggles for market economy and world hegemony became more intense. The second industrial revolution promoted the formation of the world colonial system, and finally established the capitalist world system, and the world gradually became a whole.
The third industrial revolution is another major leap in the field of science and technology after the steam technology revolution and the power technology revolution in the history of human civilization. The third scientific and technological revolution is marked by the invention and application of atomic energy, electronic computers, space technology, and biological engineering. Information control technology revolution. The third scientific and technological revolution not only greatly promoted the transformation of human society, economy, politics, and culture, but also affected the way of life and thinking of mankind. With the continuous advancement of science and technology, Major changes have also taken place in all aspects of daily life. The third scientific and technological revolution aggravated the uneven development of capitalist countries and brought about new changes in the international status of capitalist countries. In the struggle of socialist countries against Western capitalist countries, the gap between the rich and the poor gradually widened. Promoted changes in social production relations worldwide.
The fourth industrial revolution is a new technological revolution. A new technological revolution based on artificial intelligence, clean energy, robotics, quantum information technology, virtual reality, augmented reality, and biotechnology. In fact, the fourth industrial revolution was also called Industry 4.0, which was first proposed by Germany. Opening the door to the future with artificial intelligence is exactly what this book will discuss in detail, especially its impact on video surveillance systems.